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The PO glycoprotein of peripheral nerve myelin.

Can J Biochem 1980 Oct;58(10):913-21    

Ishaque A; Roomi MW; Szymanska I; Kowalski S ; Eylar EH

The PO glycoprotein, the major protein of peripheral nerve myelin, is a hydrophobic glycoprotein which can be isolated in soluble and insoluble forms from rabbit sciatic nerve myelin following extensive defatting and mid acidic extraction. The PO glycoprotein was localized exclusively in peripheral nervous system (PNS) myelin of sciatic nerve and rootlets by the immunofluorescent technique using goat anti-PO serum which showed a single precipitin band in double diffusion and did not cross-react with the myelin basic protein or P2 protein. Central nervous system (CNS) myelin from brain and spinal cord was negative by the immunofluorescent procedure. The major glycoprotein bands in PNS myelin, in addition to the PO glycoprotein at 28K, exist at 23K and 19K, as shown by gel electrophoresis in dodecyl sulfate. These glycoproteins, isolated by gel filtration in 2% dodecyl sulfate, show identity to the PO glycoprotein in their monosaccharide profile and overlapping tryptic peptides on peptide mapping. We conclude that both the 23K and 19K glycoproteins are derived from the PO glycoprotein by in situ proteolysis; the 23K glycoprotein has the identical amino terminal sequence. The 19K glycoprotein, beginning with amino-terminal methionine, is identical with the TPO glycoprotein, shown previously to originate from tryptic hydrolysis of the PO glycoprotein in isolated myelin. A tryptic glycopeptide containing 27 amino acids was isolated from the PO glycoprotein and sequenced. It contained a relatively high proportion of aspartic acid (four residues) and glutamic acid (two residues), thus exhibiting a high negative charge. We conclude that the total carbohydrate of the PO, 23K, and 19K glycoproteins does indeed exist as a single nonasaccharide moiety linked through N-acetylglucosamine to Asp-14 of the glycopeptide in a N-glycosidic linkage. These results further support the role of the PO glycoprotein as a typical amphipathic membrane protein.