Dr. Rath Health Foundation

Dr. Rath Health Foundation

Responsibility for a healthy world Dr. Rath Research Institute 100+ Studies Published In PubMed

Kinetics of excretion of 2-acetylaminofluorene in normal and xenobiotic-treated rats and in rats with hepatocyte nodules.

Lab Invest 1989 Mar;60(3):399-408

Rinaudo JA; Eriksson LC; Roomi MW; Farber E
Department of Pathology, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

This study was designed to explore further the hypothesis that the special resistance phenotype seen in hepatocyte nodules during liver carcinogenesis could have a physiologic correlate in the manner with which a carcinogenic xenobiotic is handled. Hepatocyte nodules were induced in male rats by continuous or intermittent exposure to dietary 2-acetylaminofluorene over a 25-week period. Two or 5 weeks after the exposure, the animals were given a single dose of 9-14C-2-acetylaminofluorene. The amounts and rates of excretion of unconjugated compound and derivatives and of the glucuronic acid metabolites in the bile and urine and the amounts in the blood and liver were measured over a period of 180 minutes. For comparison, animals fed the basal diet alone, animals injected with phenobarbital or 3-methylcholanthrene, animals receiving a single dose of cobalt heme and animals fed the 2-acetylaminofluorene for only 2 weeks were studied. These groups were used as controls for different patterns of drug metabolism, especially relating to the cytochromes P-450. The nodule-bearing animals showed a pattern of handling of the carcinogen that is quite different than that of the animals of any other group. They excreted in the bile plus urine from 20 to 30% less. However, relatively much more was in the urine. The free and glucuronide-conjugated metabolic products of the carcinogen were assessed by high performance liquid chromatography. The nodule-bearing animals and the animals treated with 3-methylcholanthrene excreted much more glucuronic acid esters. The pattern of distribution of labeled 2-acetylaminofluorene is different in the nodule-bearing rats than in other animals in which variations in phase I and phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes were induced by treatment with cobalt heme, phenobarbital, 3-methylcholanthrene or short-term exposure to dietary 2-acetylaminofluorene.