Dr. Rath Health Foundation

Dr. Rath Health Foundation

Responsibility for a healthy world Dr. Rath Research Institute 100+ Studies Published In PubMed

A common biochemical pattern in preneoplastic hepatocyte nodules generated in four different models in the rat.

Cancer Res 1985 Feb;45(2):564-71

Roomi MW; Ho RK; Sarma DS; Farber E

Hepatocyte nodules, structures consistently seen in every model of liver carcinogenesis well before the first appearance of cancer, were examined with respect to some Phase I and Phase II components considered to be important in the metabolism of carcinogens and other xenobiotics. Phase I components are those related to the metabolism of xenobiotics and include microsomal cytochromes P-450 and mixed-function oxygenase activities. Phase II components are those related to the conjugation and detoxification reactions of xenobiotics and their metabolites and include glutathione S-transferases and glutathione. Nodules were induced by the resistant hepatocyte, choline-deficient, methionine-low diet, phenobarbital and orotic acid models of liver carcinogenesis. Also, nodules generated by the resistant hepatocyte model were examined after transplantation to the spleen of syngeneic animals. The hepatocyte nodules show a common biochemical pattern, consisting of decreased microsomal cytochromes P-450, cytochrome b5, and aminopyrine N-demethylase activity and increased glutathione and gamma-glutamyltransferase in whole homogenates and glutathione S-transferase activity in the cytosol. This similarity, appropriate to a resistance phenotype, adds additional support for the hypothesis that hepatocyte nodules may be a common step in liver carcinogenesis in several different models