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Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Oxidant-antioxidant imbalance

"Oxidant-antioxidant imbalance in blood of children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis."

Araujo V; Arnal C; Boronat M; Ruiz E; Dominguez C; Biofactors 1998;8(1-2):155-9

ABSTRACT: Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is the most commonly diagnosed rheumatic disease in children and may represent not a single disease, but rather a syndrome of diverse aetiologies in which inflammation is an exceedingly complex process. Oxidative free radical production at inflammation sites contributes to tissue damage and could also play a significant role in the pathogenesis of JRA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation parameters related to the clinical form of JRA. Plasma malondialdehyde and hydroperoxide concentrations in children with polyarticular and systemic JRA subtypes were significantly higher than in controls. Plasma vitamin E and beta-carotene levels of the JRA children were lower in the three forms compared with healthy children. Patients with JRA present an imbalance in the oxidant-antioxidant system that manifests clearly in the polyarticular and systemic forms through an increase in lipoperoxidation products and significant decrease in the lipid-soluble antioxidants vitamin E and beta-carotene.

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